Legend has it that Seville was founded by Hercules, as it appears written on one of the gateways to the city: “Hercules built me, Caesar girded me with walls and the holy king conquered me”.
Perhaps for this we note a desire for power that is expressed in the verticality of many monumental structures such as the Tower of gold that stands for 36 meters and has a decagonal plan with three main sections, was built in the thirteenth century by Muslims and designed as a defense structure. The Tower which is so named for its reflections on the river, is the seat of the Naval Museum of the city.
Cathedral of Santa Maria in Seville
The most magnificent monument of the Christian world, after the Basilica of San Pietro, is the Cathedral of Santa Maria in Seville , declared World Heritage Site by UNESCO which occupies an area of 23,500 square meters.
It consists of five interior naves, in Gothic style, and two chapels, the Royal Chapel and the Cappella Maggiore.
Very impressive is the sepulcher that contains the remains of Christopher Columbus brought here from Cuba in 1902, who came here to pray before his travels. The tomb is supported by 4 heralds that symbolize the kingdoms of the Spanish crown: Castile, Leon, Navarra and Aragon.
Seville, the elegant capital of Andalusia, appears prostrate on the Guadalquivir river, as if to admire the reflection of its sumptuous beauty.
A stage of a life of pleasure that praises the sensuality of flamenco, with tapas, carriages and toreador charm. A casket that encloses between narrow streets and aristocratic neighborhoods, buildings in Arabian style, an architectural heritage of inestimable value.
The Barrio Santa Cruz, also called Juderia or Jewish Quarter, stands on the area once inhabited by the Jews, is the ancient district of Seville that contains some of the most significant monuments of the city and is for this World Heritage Site, with squares with a refined tone and blooming palms.
La Giralda, tower symbol of the city, reflects the style of the Almohadi, rigid in the religious sphere, hostile to luxury but skilled in combining majesty with refined simplicity; built on what was the largest Mosque in the city, towers next to the Cathedral, from 96 meters is priceless view that is enjoyed at 360 degrees over the city.
It owes its name to the statue of the Faith (also called Girardillo) that overhangs it and that runs on itself according to the direction of the wind.
Other impressive monuments are the Archives of the Indies and the Reales Alcazar (Royal palaces) whose characteristic is the mixture of styles, from the Islamic to the neoclassical.
The Alcazàr , an ancient Arab fortress, is a magnificent example of Muéjar architecture with lounges, patios and elegant gardens that appeal to the great color scheme.
An obligatory passage of the fortress is the one that leads to the Patio de las Doncellas (Cortile delle Donzelle) with its plaster decorations typical of the Arab-Andalusian art and that of the las Muhecas (Courtyard of the dolls), so called because of the small heads of women who decorate the capitals.
The salon de los Embajadores, in Mudejar style, is the most luxurious room dell’Alcazar and is topped by a large dome decorated with arabesques of 1427. On the west bank of the Guadalquivir River, winks with his characteristic pleasure the Triana district, in origin populated by sailors, workers and potters.
Another picturesque place is the covered market where you can find evidence of Arab and Roman civilization.
An interweaving of different styles: Baroque, Gothic and Renaissance, distinguishes the beauty of the Barrio de San Bartolomé, a maze of narrow streets with low houses and surrounded by a silent and solitary aura.
The House of Pilate, commissioned by Don Fadrique, is considered a masterpiece of Renaissance art of the fifteenth century, and would be inspired by the house of Pontius Pilate in Jerusalem.
In the monumental area of Seville, in the center of the Plaza del Triunfo stands the Casa Lonja (1583-98) in late Renaissance style, it houses the General Archive of the Indies, in which are preserved materials on the European colonization of Central and South America. Decorated with bricks, ceramics and colored marble, the square, with its semicircular shape recalls the sense of the embrace of Spain in relation to its new colonies, the 58 benches covered with beautifully decorated tiles, represent the Spanish provinces.
The Palacio Espanol inside, testifies the prestige of the Spanish world power. The square looks towards the river, r eet to follow to reach America.
The Museo de Artes Y Costumbres populares de Sevilla is a beautiful building created in 1972, which contains objects and tools that document the typical living customs of the area, located in the Mudejar Pavilion, designed for the Ibero-American Exhibition of 1929.
In the district of Santa Cruz stands an unusual architectural form: The Metropol Parasol called by the Sevillians “setas”, i.e. mushrooms. The building was designed by the German architect Jurgen Mayer as a redevelopment project for the Plaza de la Encarnacion area, begun in 2004 and completed in 2011, is 28 meters high and is made up of mega lattices in micro-laminated wood and is divided into five levels.
It has the shape of the symbol of Seville, the NO8DO, which consists of two syllables separated by a skein or skein of the shape of 8 which in Spanish is called “madeja”. The king gave the city the honorary symbol that in the Andalusian dialect means “NO but deja DO”, “he did not abandon me”, to signify that he was not abandoned by his fellow citizens.
This fascinating structure attests the great contrast of styles of an authentic city whose intense flavor , I think I can say that it will not abandon me as the intriguing Andalusian landscape from its magnificent towers that strut in the river Guadalquivir claiming the ancient Spanish power.